If you’ve earned interest from cryptocurrency this year, you have income tax to pay.
Crypto exchanges and protocols often offer users interest rewards. While these rewards can be a great source of passive income, they also come with an associated tax liability.
In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about how crypto interest is taxed. By the time you’re finished reading, you’ll understand how you can report your interest rewards on your tax return.
What is crypto interest?
Typically, banks give interest rewards to customers in exchange for holding their money. More recently, crypto exchanges and DeFi protocols have offered similar rewards — often with much higher interest rates!
Many centralized exchanges offer interest rewards to customers who hold cryptocurrency on their platform. Exchanges can pay these rewards by loaning out their customers’ crypto to interested individuals and institutions.
Alternatively, you may earn interest rewards by
through a decentralized protocol. staking your cryptocurrency Do you pay tax on cryptocurrency interest?
In general, cryptocurrency is subject to ordinary income tax and
. capital gains tax
When you earn cryptocurrency interest, you’ll recognize income based on the fair market value of your coins at the time of receipt. If you dispose of your rewards in the future, you’ll be subject to capital gains tax.
For more information on how crypto is taxed, check out our
. ultimate guide to cryptocurrency taxes Is crypto interest taxed twice?
While cryptocurrency interest can be subject to both income tax and capital gains tax, it’s not accurate to say that it’s taxed twice.
When you dispose of your cryptocurrency interest rewards, you’ll only incur capital gains/losses depending on how the price of your crypto has changed since you originally received it.
Here’s an example to illustrate how this works.
Does crypto interest get reported to the IRS?
Typically, exchanges issue
when a customer has earned more than $600 of cryptocurrency income. An identical copy is filed with the IRS. The 1099 form used to report income from interest, Form 1099-INT, is not typically used by crypto exchanges. Form 1099-MISC
At this time, decentralized protocols do not report to the IRS. However, it’s important to remember that transactions on blockchains like Ethereum are publicly visible and permanent. In the past, the
to analyze the blockchain and cut down on tax fraud. IRS has worked with contractors like Chainalysis Do you have to report crypto interest under $600?
Remember, you’re required to report all of your cryptocurrency income, regardless of whether your exchange sends you a
. 1099 form
If you make less than $600 of income from an exchange, you should report it on your tax return. While it’s unlikely that this will make a material impact on your tax bill, doing this will help you stay compliant with tax law and show that you are making a good faith effort to report all of your income.
How can I track the fair market value of my crypto?
To accurately report your interest rewards on your taxes, you’ll need to keep records of the fair market value of your crypto at the time of receipt.
The fair market value of your interest rewards in USD will determine your income tax liability. In addition, it will also determine the
of your cryptocurrency, which can help you calculate capital gains and losses in the case of a future disposal. cost basis
If you’re having trouble finding the fair market value of your interest rewards at the time of receipt, you can use
like CoinLedger. The platform’s price engine can automatically find the historical values of your cryptocurrency. crypto tax software How do I report cryptocurrency interest on my taxes?
Generally, crypto-related interest and staking rewards should be reported as ‘Other Income’ on
. Schedule 1
If you sold or disposed of any of the cryptocurrency interest rewards you received, you can report your capital gain or loss on
. Form 8949 How CoinLedger can help
Looking for an easy way to file your crypto taxes? With CoinLedger, you can import transactions from your wallets and exchanges and generate a comprehensive
in minutes. tax report More than 400,000 investors around the world use CoinLedger to take the stress out of tax season. . Get started with a free account today Frequently Asked Questions Do you need to report crypto interest?
Yes. Cryptocurrency interest is considered ordinary income subject to income tax.
Do you pay taxes on stablecoin interest? similarly to other cryptocurrencies. Stablecoin interest is subject to ordinary income tax. Stablecoins are taxed How do I report crypto interest on TurboTax?
You can plug in your wallets and exchanges to CoinLedger, then export your capital gains and income tax reports to platforms like TurboTax!
What tax form do I use for crypto interest?
Generally, you’ll report cryptocurrency interest and staking rewards on Schedule 1 of Form 1040.
What happens if I don’t report crypto interest on my tax return?
Not reporting your cryptocurrency interest is a form of tax evasion. In the United States, tax evasion is punishable by a maximum of 5 years in prison and a fine of $100,000.