Not sure how to report your cryptocurrency taxes?
In this guide, we’ll break down how you can report your cryptocurrency gains, losses, and income in just 5 easy steps.
Do I need to report crypto on my tax return?
In the United States, cryptocurrency is subject to ordinary income and
. capital gains tax
While crypto transactions are pseudo-anonymous, it’s important to remember that the
through exchange-provided IRS can track transactions . In the past, the agency has even worked with contractors like Chainalysis to analyze publicly-available transactions on blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum. 1099 forms
For more information, check out our complete guide to
. cryptocurrency taxes How do I report crypto on my tax return?
There are 5 steps you should follow to file your cryptocurrency taxes:
Calculate your crypto gains and losses Complete IRS Form 8949 Include your totals from 8949 on Form Schedule D Include any crypto income Complete the rest of your tax return
We’ll break down these 5 steps in detail below!
If you’re looking for an easy way to simplify the tax reporting process,
like CoinLedger can help! Just connect your wallets and exchanges and let the platform generate complete tax forms in minutes. crypto tax software 1. Calculate your crypto gains and losses
Every time you dispose of your cryptocurrency, you’ll incur capital gains or capital losses. Examples of cryptocurrency disposals include the following:
Selling your cryptocurrency for fiat Trading your cryptocurrency for another cryptocurrency Buying goods and services with cryptocurrency
To calculate your gain or loss from each transaction, you’ll need to track how the price of your crypto has changed since you originally received it.
Here’s a formula you can use to calculate your gains and losses:
In this case, your proceeds are what you received for disposing of your cryptocurrency. Typically, this is the fair market value of your crypto at the time of disposal, minus the cost of any fees related to your disposal.
is your cost for acquiring your cryptocurrency. This is typically the fair market value of your crypto at the time of receipt, plus the cost of any fees related to the acquisition. cost basis
Once you’ve finished your calculations, you can report your gains and losses on
. Form 8949 How to report your capital gains/losses
To better understand how to calculate your capital gains and losses, let’s take a look at an example.
Unfortunately, these calculations aren’t always so simple. An active cryptocurrency trader may have thousands of buys and sells in a year, making it difficult to track their original cost basis.
like CoinLedger can make it easy to track your cryptocurrencies. Simply connect your exchanges, import your historical transactions, and let the software crunch your gains and losses for all of your transactions in seconds. Cryptocurrency tax software 2. Complete IRS Form 8949
If you dispose of cryptocurrency during the tax year, you’ll need to fill out
. The form is used to report the sales and disposals of capital assets — including stocks, bonds, and cryptocurrencies. IRS Form 8949
Let’s break down how you can fill out Form 8949.
Short-term vs. long-term disposals
Form 8949 consists of two parts: Part I for Short-term and Part II for Long-term.
If you disposed of your cryptocurrency after
less than 12 months of holding, your gain or loss should be reported on Part I. If you dispose of your crypto after more than 12 months of holding, your gain or loss should be reported on Part II. Was your transaction reported on Form 1099?
The first step is to check the relevant box at the top of the sheet: A, B, or C.
Short-term transactions reported on Form(s) 1099-B, showing basis was reported to the IRS Short-term transactions reported on Form(s) 1099-B, showing basis was not reported to the IRS Short-term transactions not reported to you on Form 1099-B
At this time, most exchanges don’t issue
to customers and the IRS. As a result, you’ll most likely select option C. Form 1099-B How to report your gains and losses on Form 8949
Next, you’ll need to fill in the following information for each of your gains and losses.
A description of the crypto-asset you sold (a) The date you originally acquired your crypto-asset (b) The date you sold or disposed of the crypto-asset (c) Proceeds from the sale (fair market value) (d) Your cost basis for purchasing the crypto-asset (fair market value) (e) Your gain or loss (h)
Want a demonstration of how to fill out Form 8949? Check out the video below.
VIDEO Do I need to report my capital losses?
In addition to your capital gains, you should report your short-term and long-term
on Form 8949. cryptocurrency losses
Remember, capital losses come with tax benefits! Capital losses can offset your capital gains and up to $3,000 of personal income.
For more on this subject, check out our complete guide to
. tax-loss harvesting 3. Include totals from Form 8949 on Schedule D
Once your Form 8949 is filled out, take your total net gain or net loss and include it on
. Schedule D
Schedule D — attached to Form 1040 — is used to report gains and losses from all sources. In addition to your short-term and long-term gains from cryptocurrency, other line items reported on Schedule D include Schedule K-1s via businesses, estates, and trusts.
4. Include any crypto income
In certain scenarios, you may earn cryptocurrency income through mining, staking, interest, or as compensation for your labor. In these situations, you’ll recognize ordinary income based on the fair market value of your crypto at the time of receipt.
What form should I use to report my crypto income?
The form you use to report your ordinary income from cryptocurrency may vary depending on your specific situation.
Schedule 1 - If you earned crypto from airdrops, forks, or other crypto wages and hobby income, this is generally reported on as Schedule 1 other income. Most investors will use this form to report ordinary income from cryptocurrency. Schedule C - If you earned crypto as a business entity, like receiving payments for a job or running a cryptocurrency mining operation, this is likely treated as self-employment income and reported on . If you earned business income,you may be able to deduct related costs such as electricity. Schedule C How do I answer the crypto question on Form 1040?
When you report your income, it’s likely that you’ll see the following question on Form 1040:
“At any time during 2022, did you: (a) receive crypto as a reward, award, or compensation; or (b) sell, exchange, gift , or otherwise dispose of a digital asset?”
If you earned cryptocurrency income or disposed of a crypto-asset, you should answer ‘Yes’ to this question. Remember, intentionally lying on this question is considered tax fraud.
For more information, check out
. our guide to the crypto tax question on Form 1040 5. Complete the rest of your tax return
Now that you have reported your capital gains and income, you should be finished reporting all the crypto-related transactions on your tax return. Once you’ve filled out the rest of your tax forms, you should be ready to submit your tax return to the IRS!
How much tax do I pay on cryptocurrency?
The tax rate you pay on cryptocurrency varies depending on multiple factors — including your holding period and your tax bracket.
You’ll pay income tax when you earn cryptocurrency income
or dispose of crypto after less than 12 months of holding. Depending on your income bracket, this can vary between 10-37%.
You’ll pay long-term capital gains tax when you dispose of cryptocurrency after 12 months or more of holding. Depending on your income bracket, the tax rate on your long-term disposals will range from 0-20%.
For more information, check out
. our guide to cryptocurrency tax rates Do I need to report cryptocurrency under $600?
Typically, exchanges only issue
for cryptocurrency income if you’ve earned at least $600 of rewards. However, you are required to report all of your taxable income from cryptocurrency on your tax return — regardless of the total amount. Not reporting your income is considered tax fraud. Form 1099-MISC Get started with cryptocurrency tax software
There’s no need to fill out your tax forms by hand. Today, more than 400,000 investors use CoinLedger to generate a complete tax report in minutes.
You’ll be able to automatically import your transactions from exchanges like Coinbase and blockchains like Ethereum in just a few clicks.
Based on this data, CoinLedger automatically generates your . You can then upload your reports directly into crypto tax forms or TurboTax to include with the rest of your tax return or send them directly to your TaxAct tax professional . Get started with a free CoinLedger account today.